Transparency is the key factor to raise the public awareness and create a public value for archaeology. Publication and primary data sharing are the most important ethical rules of this Convention. This principle is clearly stated in Title XIV of the Convention Annex below : Projects shall provide for public education and popular presentation of the project results where appropriate. Rule 1. The protection of underwater cultural heritage through in situ preservation shall be considered as the first option.
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Acknowledging the importance of underwater cultural heritage as an integral part of the cultural heritage of humanity and a particularly important element in the history of peoples, nations, and their relations with each other concerning their common heritage,. Realizing the importance of protecting and preserving the underwater cultural heritage and that responsibility therefor rests with all States,. Convinced of the importance of research, information and education to the protection and preservation of underwater cultural heritage,. Aware of the fact that underwater cultural heritage is threatened by unauthorized activities directed at it, and of the need for stronger measures to prevent such activities,. Conscious of the need to respond appropriately to the possible negative impact on underwater cultural heritage of legitimate activities that may incidentally affect it,. Deeply concerned by the increasing commercial exploitation of underwater cultural heritage, and in particular by certain activities aimed at the sale, acquisition or barter of underwater cultural heritage,. Aware of the availability of advanced technology that enhances discovery of and access to underwater cultural heritage,. Believing that cooperation among States, international organizations, scientific institutions, professional organizations, archaeologists, divers, other interested parties and the public at large is essential for the protection of underwater cultural heritage,. Considering that survey, excavation and protection of underwater cultural heritage necessitate the availability and application of special scientific methods and the use of suitable techniques and equipment as well as a high degree of professional specialization, all of which indicate a need for uniform governing criteria,. Committed to improving the effectiveness of measures at international, regional and national levels for the preservation in situ or, if necessary for scientific or protective purposes, the careful recovery of underwater cultural heritage,.
Archives are part of any administration. A long history of archival traditions exists and archivists work according to standards that have been agreed upon internationally. All archaeological projects must result in a stable, ordered, accessible archive. Archaeological practitioners must accept their responsibilities in this regard. Competent authorities should make sure that they do.